Daily Archives: January 17, 2007

Open Review – A New Model For Scholarly Communication?

Today’s Hot Type column in the Chronicle of Higher Education features discussion of PLoS ONE and an open review experiment at Nature.

PLoS ONE calls itself “a new way of communicating peer-reviewed science and medicine.” The idea is that any study based on valid methods that passes muster with a single member of the editorial board will be posted. The barrier to get a paper into PLOS ONE is purposely set low. Then, through open review, registered readers can make annotations, comments, and eventually rate articles on merit. Community participation so far has been slow, but the project has only just begun.

Nature conducted a similar experiment in which they offered some authors of papers under consideration by the journal the choice to have their paper open reviewed. At the end of the trial, Nature concluded that the advice received under open review was not substantial enough. Still, executive editor Linda Miller is quoted in the Chronicle as saying

“As people who are used to using the Web for all kinds of communication, people who are now using MySpace and Facebook begin to infiltrate the ranks of the serious scientists, they’ll be more comfortable doing this kind of thing…What didn’t work now may work better later on.”

These are interesting experiments by PLoS ONE and Nature that seem to be pointing to a new way for scholars to communicate with each other.

Posted by Marc Meola

New University Librarian At UM Is Not A Librarian

On Monday, January 15 the University of Michigan officially announced they had appointed a new University Librarian and Dean of University Libraries. Their choice for the position is an academic well known to many academic librarians because of his valuable research and publication in the area of scholarly communication, but he comes not from the traditional ranks of MLS-degreed librarians, but rather the professoriate and ranks of academic administrators. Paul Courant is UM’s new university librarian. He was UM provost from 2002-2005, currently is the Harold T. Shapiro Collegiate Professor of Public Policy in the Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy, Arthur F. Thurnau Professor, professor of economics in LSA and professor of information in the School of Information. He also is a Distinguished Fellow at the Council on Library and Information Resources in Washington, D.C. A recent Courant publication garnered some recognition in academic library circles with an interesting discussion about scholarship in the Google world.

I suppose academic librarians may ponder the implications of a top leadership position at one of the top academic libraries going to a non-librarian. Might this be the start of a trend in which non-librarian faculty and administrators are perceived by university presidents as the best academic library leaders, supported by professional librarians who tend to the nuts and bolts of the operation? After all, if a significant institution makes this move why wouldn’t others follow the lead. Courant may be a special case because he has a record of involvement with academic librarianship, has a deep understanding of scholarly communications issues and has demonstrated collaboration with academic librarians and their associations. It would be quite different if the new university librarian appeared to have little or no connection with the world of academic libraries.

Still, this sort of thing might tend to create some unease within the profession for it always has the possibility to signal to top academic administrators that a large, complex research university can be run by someone who has no traditional library professional education. I think Courant’s appointment has the potential to benefit academic librarianship by futhering opportunties for collaboration between faculty, non-library administrators, and academic librarians. It may signal that those who come from the professoriate can blend well as academic library leaders. In times of radical change in academic librarianship, when it’s clear that doing things as we always have done them may prove an unwise course of action, it’s important to keep an open mind about this type of development. But it is a development that deserves our attention in order to determine its impact on the future of academic libraries and those who work in them.

Posted by StevenB

Read The VP-President Elect Candidates’ Statements

This year’s candidates for the position of ACRL Vice-President/President-Elect, Erika Linke of Carnegie Mellon University and Scott Walter of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have provided to ACRLog their official candidate statements. More information about both candidates is available at the ACRL website. The statements are designed to give ACRL members some perspective on the candidates’ views of major challenges confronting academic librarianship, and how their leadership of ACRL would help the profession to meet those challenges. The statements are also published in College & Research Libraries News. The statements have been posted to a special page.

Posted by StevenB